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Did You Know ? >> Heart health quiz >> Answers
Heart health quiz

taj heart test



1) How many times does the average human heart beat in a day?

1. 1,000
2. 10,000
3. 100,000
4. 1,000,000


The nearest answer is C.

And those 100,000 or so beats pump an average 5,000 gallons of blood round the body each day.



2) Most people have heard the term 'cardiovascular disease' or CVD. But what does it actually mean?

1. it just means having a heart attack
2. it means having a stroke
3. it means any illness to do with the heart and blood vessels
4. it means either a heart attack or angina



The right answer is C.

The two main types of cardiovascular disease are coronary heart disease (heart attack and angina) and stroke. However heart deformities from birth, valvular heart disease, and a range of other illnesses of the heart and blood vessels are also classified as cardiovascular disease.



3) The direct cause of a heart attack is?

1. high blood pressure
2. high cholesterol
3. a blockage in an artery
4. the heart just stops beating



The most accurate answer is C.

Heart attacks occur when there is a blockage in a coronary artery. However, both A and B are important risk factors that increase the chance of a blockage. By reducing blood pressure and bad cholesterol levels, you can make a heart attack less likely.




4) A raised level of LDL cholesterol, so called "bad cholesterol", is a factor in increased risk of coronary heart disease. What can you do to reduce LDL cholesterol?

1. eat less saturated fat, such as red meat, butter and cheese
2. eat a wide range of fruit, vegetables and wholegrains
3. stop smoking and get physically active
4. all of the above


The best answer is B.

All of the above can help to reduce LDL cholesterol levels. They will also all benefit your overall health.



5) Which of these illnesses kills most women in the UK?

1. breast cancer
2. bowel cancer
3. lung cancer
4. cardiovascular disease



The right answer is D - by a long way.

It is not true that heart disease just affects men. For instance, in 2003, over 122,000 women died from heart and circulatory disease in the UK - 46,000 more than died from cancer.



 6) Being obese, with a body mass index (BMI) of over 30 raises a person's risk of coronary heart disease. What percentage of men in the UK are classified as obese?

1. 6 per cent
2. 12 per cent
3. 22 per cent
4. 55 per cent



The right answer is C.

Both men and women are getting fatter in the UK - levels of obesity in adults have increased by 50 per cent in the last decade alone. What's more, a further 43 per cent of men are classified as being overweight (with a BMI of 25 to 30).



7) Why do fruit and vegetables help to keep your heart healthy?

1. because they are high in fibre
2. because they contain vitamins and minerals
3. because they are high in water
4. we don't know exactly why



 The honest answer is D.

Experts aren't clear exactly why fruit and veg are so good for your heart, but medical studies consistently show that diets which include lots of fruit and vegetables are associated with a lower risk of heart disease.



8) Which of the following physical activities is best for a healthy heart?

1. yoga
2. press-ups
3. tai chi
4. swimming


The right answer is D.

The best exercise for a healthy heart is 'aerobic' exercise - any prolonged activity that uses the main muscle groups and gets you slightly out of breath.



9) Raised blood pressure is one of the risk factors for having a heart attack. What are the typical symptoms of high blood pressure?

1. feelings of nausea
2. a racing pulse
3. increased anxiety
4. there usually aren't any



The most common answer is D.

The majority of people with high blood pressure have no symptoms at all. People are often surprised when they learn that their blood pressure is high because usually they don't feel ill. In England, around one in three men and women have high blood pressure, so it is important to have a regular blood pressure check with your GP.



10) How much more likely are physically active people to survive a heart attack and people who are sedentary?

1. it doesn't make any difference
2. 25 per cent more likely
3. twice as likely
4. five times as likely


The right answer is C.

A person who is physically active is twice as likely to survive a heart attack compared to a person who has not been physically active.
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