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Anxiolytics are drugs used to relieve anxiety or prevent anxiety attacks. The most common anti-anxiety medications include:

Ativan / lorazepam
Dalmane / flurazepam
Halcion / triazolam
Klonopin / Rivotril / clonazepam
Librium / chlordiazepoxide
Serax / oxazepam
Valium / diazepam
Xanax / alprazolam
An anxiolytic (also antipanic or antianxiety agent is a drug used for the treatment of symptoms of anxiety. Anxiolytics have been shown to be useful in the treatment of anxiety disorders.

Though not anxiolytics, beta-receptor blockers such as propranolol and oxprenolol can be used to combat the somatic symptoms of anxiety.

Types of anxiolytics

Benzodiazepines are prescribed for short-term relief of severe and disabling anxiety. Benzodiazepines may also be indicated to cover the latent periods associated with the medications prescribed to treat an underlying anxiety disorder. They are used to treat a wide variety of conditions and symptoms and are usually a first choice when short-term CNS sedation is needed. Longer-term uses include treatment for severe anxiety. There is a risk of a benzodiazepine withdrawal and rebound syndrome after continuous usage for longer than two weeks. There is also the added problem of the accumulation of drug metabolites and adverse effects.[3] Benzodiazepines include:

* Alprazolam
* Chlordiazepoxide
* Clonazepam
* Diazepam
* Lorazepam

Benzodiazepines exert their anxiolytic properties at moderate dosage. At higher dosage hypnotic properties occur.


Structural Formula


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